Speakers

Franziska Metzger, Prof. Dr.

Memory of the Sacred Heart. Linguistic, Iconographic and Ritual Dimensions

 
Abstract: Against the background of a threefold understanding of the relation of religion and memory and their entanglement, the focus of the paper which links post-structuralist perspectives in memory studies with cultural historical approaches on religion lies on the linguistic, iconographic and ritual variations of the Sacred Heart. A long-term perspective on continuities is linked to one on discontinuities and deconstructions of codes, which are analysed especially with regard to works of modern art. An in-depth perspective on the functioning of the Sacred Heart as memory is presented as continuative for further research and systematised. A number of mechanisms including detemporalisation, visualisation of the invisible, the relationship beween showing and seeing, and the creation of sacred spaces (of objects, bodies, the herat of Jesus, works of art) are analysed.
 
Speaker curriculum: Professor of History at the University of Teacher Education Lucerne; in charge of the department «Memory Cultures» at the Institute for History Education and Memory Cultures (IGE) of the University of Teacher Education Lucerne since 2014. Chief editor of the international peer-reviewed, plurilingual (German, French, Italian, English) journal Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Religions- und Kulturgeschichte / Swiss Journal for Religious and Cultural History (SZRKG) since 2011.
 
Main research areas and fields of publication: religious history in the 19th and 20th century Europe with a focus on cultural history, religion and memory, religion and moral discourses in the public sphere, transformation of religious semantics and discourses; memory cultures, narratives, modes and media of memory construction, history of historiography and of historical thinking; theory of history and methodology; nation and nationalism in Europe; cultural history of the fin-de-siècle
 
Publications: Franziska Metzger/Dimiter Daphinoff (eds.), Ausdehnung der Zeit. Die Gestaltung von Erinnerungsräumen in Geschichte, Literatur und Kunst, Köln: Böhlau Verlag, 2019 (first volume of the publication series “Erinnerungsräume. Geschichte – Literatur – Kunst”, ed. by Dimiter Daphinoff and Franziska Metzger); Franziska Metzger, Devotion and Memory – Discourses and Practices, in: Kirchliche Zeitgeschichte / Contemporary Church History 31,2 (2018); Franziska Metzger, Apokalyptische Diskurse als Gedächtnis- und Erwartungsräume in der Sattelzeit um 1900, in: Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Religions- und Kulturgeschichte, 110 (2016), 23–51.

Elke Pahud de Mortanges, Prof. Dr.

Embodiment of Passion and Love. Representations and Transformations of the Sacred Hearts Materiality in Devotion and Art

 
Abstract: In enlightened theological circles the popular Sacred Heart devotion has no good reputation. It is blamed to be a child of 19th century propaganda, representing a „heaven full of perfume“ and „religious kitsch“. The focus on the Sacred Heart as a bloody piece of flesh seems to them an indecent contribution to a so-called “visceral devotion”. Our request is to show that referring to the materiality of the Sacred Heart does not mean trivialization, but taking into concern the fundamental anatomy of salvation in Christ; as Joh 1:1 put it, the Word became flesh (not a book). The category and the concept of embodiment forms our theoretical framework and our analytical tool to describe and analyse how different motifs and aspects of the materiality of the Sacred Heart were represented and transformed in devotion and art. We will pay special attention to how the Sacred Heart could be transformed from a single body part into a “pars pro toto” and an “universale concretum” which embodies the whole anatomy of Jesus Christ’s passion and love.
 
Speaker curriculum: Professor of dogmatic theology at the University of Freiburg i.Br. (Germany) and lecturer in „Gender Aspects in Religious Studies“ at the University of Fribourg (Switzerland).
 
Main research areas and fields of publication: History of theology and devotion in the early modern and modern period, religious and cultural histor, gender and body
 
Publications: Elke Pahud de Mortanges, Body@Performance und Gedächtnis. Zur Anatomie des Heils in den Erinnerungskulturen des Christentums, in: Zeitschrift für Kirchliche Zeitgeschichte 2019 (im Druck); Elke Pahud de Mortanges, “Be a somebody with a body”. Christus-Heterotopien in Kunst und Kommerz des 20. und 21. Jahrhunderts am Beispiel von Andy Warhol, Joseph Beuys und Conchita Wurst, in: Elke Pahud de Mortanges / Franziska Metzger (eds.), Orte und Räume des Religiösen 19. – 21. Jahrhundert. Paderborn 2016, 223-245; Elke Pahud de Mortanges / Franziska Metzger (eds.), Orte und Räume des Religiösen 19. – 21. Jahrhundert, Paderborn 2016.

David Morgan, Prof. Dr.

Eros and Vision in Devotion to the Sacred Heart

 
Abstract: The legacy of a visionary nun’s romance with her divine suitor was registered in the earliest iconography of the devotion—a Valentine’s heart, whose form and function as an emblem of romantic love emerged in late medieval European poetry and art. The emblematic portrayal of hearts linked in adoration moved through early seventeenth-century France in the visionary piety of Jean Eudes, who celebrated the unison of Jesus and his Mother visualized as hearts entwined. This visual piety informed Alacoque’s imagination of an emblematic conceit, which she deployed as a key feature of her promotion of the devotion over the last fifteen years of her life. As the devotion evolved in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the role of love adapted to new and varied settings. This talk will explore variations in the nature of desire and its connection to love in Sacred Heart iconography and visual practice.

Speaker curriculum: Professor of Religious Studies and Art History, Duke University

Main research areas and fields of publication: Catholic and Protestant Visual Culture, 17th century to the present

Publications: David Morgan, Images at Work: The Material Culture of Enchantment, New York 2018; The Forge of Vision: A Visual History of Modern Christianity, Berkeley 2015; The Sacred Heart of Jesus: The Visual Evolution of a Devotion, Meertens Ethnology Cahier 4, Amsterdam 2008

Denis Pelletier, Prof. Dr.

L’histoire du Sacré-Cœur vue des années 1950. Mémoire d’un combat, désenchantement politique et réenchantement par l’émotion.

 
Abstract: Après la seconde guerre mondiale, la France a été le théâtre d’un renouveau d’intérêt pour le culte du Sacré-Cœur, à la rencontre entre les sciences de la psyché et la spiritualité. Les combats politiques du XIXe siècle paraissent alors dépassés, et c’est au nom de sa puissance d’émotion que le Sacré-Cœur intéresse notamment les Etudes carmélitaines (1950) et la nouvelle revue jésuite Christus (1957). Les années cinquante seront analysées à la fois comme l’observatoire de deux siècles d’histoire et comme un moment de reprise du culte du Sacré-Cœur à l’épreuve de la sécularisation et des sciences humaines.
 
Speaker curriculum: 2001-2005: professeur d’histoire contemporaine à l’Université Lumière Lyon 2; depuis 2005: directeur d’études à l’Ecole pratique des hautes études à Paris; 2011-2013: président de l’EPHE; directeur de la rédaction des Archives de sciences sociales des religions.
 
Main research areas and fields of publication: Histoire du catholicisme contemporain ; Religion et politique dans l’Europe contemporaine.
 
Publications: Les catholiques en France de 1789 à nos jours, Paris, Albin Michel, 2019; (en co-direction avec Jean-Louis Schlegel) A la gauche du Christ. Les chrétiens de gauche en France de 1945 à nos jours, Paris, Seuil, 2015 [2012]; La crise catholique. Religion, société, politique en France, 1965-1978, Paris, Payot, 2005 [2002].

Antonio Viola

Ridare corpo al cuore. Sviluppi iconografici-teologici tra il Concilio di Trento e Paray-le-Monial.

 
Abstract: Il contributo qui sintetizzato vorrebbe restituire un racconto per immagini della forma affettiva della fede, in bilico tra teologia e devozione, negli anni a cavallo del Concilio di Trento. Sono questi i decenni in cui la sensibilità spirituale, ma anche le forme artistiche che le danno corpo e sostanza, passano da un costante richiamo al tema della Passione di Cristo, con al centro il riferimento al corpo di Gesù nella sua interezza, ad una visione meno unitaria che sancisce la necessità di focalizzare solo alcune parti del corpo di Gesù, tra le quali emerge in maniera evidente il cuore, per lasciare spazio ad espressioni della fede che slittano ai margini della elaborazione teologica sistematica. Perché accade questo slittamento dal corpo al cuore? In che modo questo slittamento sembra preparare il contesto entro il quale nascerà l’iconografia ufficiale del Sacro Cuore? Domande vive ancora oggi, in un tempo in cui corpo e cuore chiedono di essere rimessi sempre più in comunicazione.
 
Speaker curriculum: Laurea in Conservazione dei Beni Culturali presso la Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofia dell’Università degli Studi di Parma con una tesi dal titolo Antonio Begarelli. Uno scultore tra Riforma e Controriforma. Baccellierato in Teologia presso Studio Teologico S. Antonio, affiliato alla Facoltà Teologica dell’Emilia Romagna, discutendo la tesi Corpo di Cristo e corpo dell’uomo. Un percorso nella teologia eucaristica tra XIII secolo e prima età moderna.
Attualmente docente presso l’Istituto di Scienze Religiose di Trento R. Guardini. Ricopre l’incarico di responsabile per la Pastorale Giovanile per la Provincia dell’Italia del Nord dei Padri Dehoniani e di responsabile collaboratore alla Pastorale universitaria per la Diocesi di Trento.
 
Main research areas and fields of publication: Da anni impegnato nello studio delle intersezioni tra mondo dell’arte e pensiero teologico con particolare attenzione alla produzione artistica cinque-seicentesca, si occupa soprattutto di problemi di trascrizione dal materiale narrativo biblico alle forme proprie delle produzioni artistiche. L’interesse per il mondo giovanile lo ha portato a sviluppare forme di accostamento a questi temi attraverso la proposta di pellegrinaggi a piedi in luoghi e città particolarmente ricche di significati per la cultura cristiana: Camino di Santiago; Cammino di Francesco; Via Francigena; La Roma di Pietro e di San Francesco; Firenze: umanesimo e fede; Bologna: passione di Dio, passione per gli uomini; Napoli e i segni della Risurrezione.
 
Publications: Tra arte e teologia: Begarelli e i Benedettini cassinesi, in F. PICCININI – G. BONSANTI (a cura), Emozioni in terracotta. Guido Mazzoni Antonio Begarelli. Sculture del rinascimento emiliano, Modena, Foro Boario, 21 marzo-7 giugno 2009, Franco Cosimo Panini, Modena 2009, 71-81. Anche il Vaticano alla Biennale, «Settimana» (25/2013), 14

Stefan Laube, PD Dr.

The Heart as a Vessel. Alchemy and Protestantism in the 17th Century

 
Abstract: At the beginning of the 17th century, Protestantism developed in a direction that cast doubt on the credibility of Christian doctrines exclusively related to texts. More and more Protestants (Rosenkreuzer, Jacob Böhme etc.) saw reading the Book of Nature as an alternative to the pure belief in Scripture, deterred by the subtleties of Lutheran Orthodoxy. This new approach used a metaphorical language inspired by alchemy. In the accompanying woodcuts and engravings, the shape of the heart is prominently represented in its various variants, such as the simple central heart, the fiery heart, the heart as a container. The heart was often designed as a transparent vessel. (Salvation) Forces flowed in through an opening at the top, which could be visualized allegorically in the individual chambers of the heart. The lecture analyses the expressiveness and the validity of such heart representations and builds a bridge to the pictorial language of alchemy, in which the glass vial plays an outstanding role. In it, not only matter should be redeemed, but also the human being who experiments with it.
 
Speaker curriculum: Cultural scientist and historian, senior lecturer at Humboldt-University in Berlin
 
Main research areas and fields of publication: His current research project based at the Herzog August Library in Wolfenbüttel focuses on the iconography of alchemy.
 
Publications: Stefan Laube, Objekte im Duell. Streifzüge durch Berliner Museen, Berlin 2019; Stefan Laube, Von der Reliquie zum Ding. Heiliger Ort – Wunderkammer – Museum, Berlin 2011; Stefan Laube, Fest, Religion und Erinnerung. Konfessionelles Gedächtnis im Königreich Bayern , München 1999.

Daniel Sidler, Dr.

Between Baroque and Enlightenment. Sacred Heart Devotion in late 18th Century

 
Abstract: In the second half of the 18th century, Catholicism underwent changes in its theology and devotion. These changes can be read as a pluralization of cultures of piety. On one hand, proponents of the enlightenment criticized forms of piety which they considered to be “popular” cultures. On the other hand, we can consider an upturn of baroque forms of piety and devotion, visible for instance in the formation of new sites of pilgrimage or in the foundation of new confraternities. This paper examines how devotion to the Sacred Heart is positioned in this development. Considering examples from the Swiss Catholic cantons, the paper will argue that the intensification of this devotion in the second half of the 18th century can be perceived as a reaction of baroque priests to the process of enlightenment.
 
Speaker curriculum: Scientific collaborator of „Stadt.Geschichte.Basel“
 
Main research areas and fields of publication: cultural and social history of catholic reform; history of practices of beatification and sanctification; town history .
 
Publications: Daniel Sidler, Heiligkeit aushandeln. Katholische Reform und lokale Glaubenspraxis in der Eidgenossenschaft (1560-1790), Frankfurt/New York 2017.

María Antonia Herradón Figueroa PhD

The Sacred Heart of Jesus in Spain: the devotion between religion and politics

 
Abstract: In 1919 Spain was officially consecrated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. To the occasion of this special national tribute, the organisers engineered a large number of significant events, which held countrywide. No doubt, the most important among them was a memorial service and the inauguration of a particularly noteworthy monument located in the geographical center of the country. Doubtlessly the year 1919 can be regarded the peak of the devotion to Sacred Heart of Jesus in Spain. However, at the same time, in the same events we have to seek the beginning of the progressive decline experienced by this piety in the country throughout the 20th century.
The aim of this paper is two-fold. On the one hand it focuses on Spain, whereas on the other hand it connects the specific case of Spain to the status of Sacred Heart devotion in Latin American countries. Little by little, ultramontane piety demonstrating the heart as a supreme symbol of the love of Jesus Christ for mankind, took shape in Spain and became popularized. However, at the same time, the devotional phenomenon has been gradually contaminated by political issues, transforming its original religious meaning. In the 20th century this contamination persisted, becoming maybe even more significant during the Spanish Civil War and under the Franco dictatorship. This is the reason why nowadays devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus has become marginal. The conference paper introduces some of the large number of tangible items used in Spain to give a physical appearance to this devotion, such a paintings, sculptures, engravings, monuments, memorial plaques or personal emblems.

 
Speaker curriculum: Degree in Ancient History and PhD in Art History from the University Complutense of Madrid.
In 1993 she became a member of the Professional Museum Curators Association and since then has been a member of the International Council of Museums. She has worked in the Archive and Collections departments at the Museo del Pueblo Español, Museo Nacional de Antropología, and Museo del Traje, Centro de Investigación del Patrimonio Etnológico. She is currently curator at Museum of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid.
 
Main research areas and fields of publication: As an expert in Spanish traditional costume, Spanish popular religiosity and Spanish jewellery she as published on these topics in specialist journals.
 
Publications: Los agnusdei en el Convento de Santa Clara y en la colegiata de Zafra (Badajoz). Cuadernos de Çafra, nº 10, 2012-2013, pp. 158-178; Sagrario de Toledo. Apuntes para la historia. Toletana: cuestiones de teología e historia, nº 20, 2009, pp. 201-278; El escapulario: insignia de devoción mariana. Anales del Museo Nacional de Antropología, VIII, 2001, pp. 145-197.

Paul Airiau, Dr.

‘Le cœur eucharistique du Christ’. La reformulation de la dévotion au Sacré Cœur par Mgr Maxime Charles, recteur de la basilique du Sacré Cœur de Montmartre (1969-1985)

 
Abstract: Responsable du Centre Richelieu, l’aumônerie de la Sorbonne, l’abbé Maxime Charles est nommé recteur de la basilique du Sacré-Cœur de Montmartre en 1959, afin de renouveler le sanctuaire. Formé à l’action catholique des années 1930, il avait construit à la Sorbonne une aumônerie de militants étudiants, fondée sur l’évangélisation, la liturgie et la formation intellectuelle. Il importe à Montmartre ses pratiques militantes, développant des mouvements spécialisés par âge et par états de vie. Le lieu imposant sa dévotion, il croise en même temps celle-ci avec sa propre synthèse théologique, marquée par le christocentrisme et la valorisation du sacerdoce du cardinal de Bérulle. En quelques années, il réinterprète la piété montmartroise. Exploitant les ressources de la “nouvelle théologie”, se fondant sur l’Ecriture, la patristique, Bérulle et l’Ecole française de spiritualité, il relit la dévotion au Sacré Cœur à l’aune des théologies non thomistes des années 1920-1950. Ainsi, il propose d’adorer dans le saint-sacrement les “états”, “les éléments permanents de la vie psychologique profonde” du Christ Verbe incarné, perpétuellement et toujours présents. Il diffuse cette relecture en utilisant le bulletin de la basilique, en formant les militants des mouvements qu’il a inventés et les membres des confréries du Sacré Cœur à une adoration reformulée, en organisant des pèlerinages et une formation théologique liée à l’adoration eucharistique, en rédigeant des feuilles guidant l’adoration, régulièrement renouvelées (une centaine au total) et mises à la disposition des fidèles, et en allant jusqu’à insérer ponctuellement un moment d’adoration eucharistique après la consécration lors de certaines messes. Il propose ainsi, au moment de Vatican II, une spiritualité pouvant consoner avec un catholicisme revisitant sa piété du XIXe siècle à l’aune d’une théologie scripturaire et patristique. Avec la “crise catholique”, en conservant malgré les contestations l’adoration eucharistique et la spiritualité au Sacré-Cœur ainsi revisitées, il peut faire de la basilique de Montmartre un pôle d’attraction pour une partie du catholicisme parisien, en jouant sur les cordes populaires, militantes et intellectuelles. Une partie de son héritage se retrouve dans les années 1970 chez les jeunes fondateurs de l’édition française de la revue Communio, Jean-Luc Marion, Jean-Robert Armogathe, Rémi Brague et Jean Duchesne, formés à son école spirituelle et théologique.
 
Speaker curriculum: Professor of history and geography at the Académie de Paris; lecturer at the Institut catholique de Paris
 
Main research areas and fields of publication: Catholicism (19th-21st century), catholic clergy, catholic integrism, catholic apocalyptic thinking, theology and culture, laïcité.
 
Publications: Paul Airiau, L’Eglise et l’Apocalypse du XIXe siècle à nos jours, Paris 2000; Paul Airiau, Cent ans de laïcité française, Paris 2005; Paul Airiau (ed.), Nourritures terrestres : alimentation et religion. Actes de la journée d’études de l’Association française d’histoire religieuse contemporaine (Lyon, 28 septembre 2013), Lyon: Laboratoire de Recherche Historique Rhône-Alpes, coll. Chrétiens et Sociétés. Mémoires et Documents, n° 29, 2016.

Fransiskus Purwanto, Prof. Dr.

La Dévotion du Sacré-Cœur de Ganjuran

 
Abstract: Les catholiques Javanais sont nés au début du XX siècle, grâce aux missions Jésuites qui donnaient une place spéciale à l’inculturation. Les Jésuites ont appris très sérieusement les cultures Javanaises et ils ont trouvé de nouveaux moyens pour exprimer les richesses de la foi catholique comme les mots, les chants, les danses, les architectures qui peuvent exprimer adéquatement les expériences de Jésus Christ dans un contexte d’Eglise catholique et en harmonie avec les cultures Javanaises. Deux exemples de ces efforts sont la paroisse Boro qui développe la Dévotion de la Vierge Marie et la paroisse Ganjuran qui développe la Dévotion au Sacré-Cœur. Ce processus a été supporté par des laïcs venus des Pays-Bas qui avaient une Dévotion au Sacré-Cœur et développaient certaines spiritualités sociales s’inspirant de l’Encyclique Rerum Novarum.
Cette Dévotion du Sacré-Cœur de Ganjuran est le résultat d’une inculturation, fruit d’une rencontre créative entre la tradition de la Dévotion du Sacré-Cœur venue des Pays-Bas et la culture Javanaise. Ces rencontres ont été manifestées dans le rituel de la Dévotion au Sacré-Cœur, dans la prière Nusantara au Sacré-Cœur, dans les danses, les chants qui adoptent dans l’harmonie des expériences de l’Eglise catholique venues de l’Europe et des vertus Javanaises. Dans un grand rassemblement (Prosesi Agung), l’inculturation a été présente en acceptant certains symboles venus de l’Hindouisme, du Bouddhisme et de la culture Javanaise. Pendant cette cérémonie, les fidèles participent à la célébration eucharistique en présentant le Gunungan qui symbolise des richesses de la culture Javanaise en pleine manifestation et ils font la procession pour honorer le Saint-Sacrement. La question se pose : cette rencontre est-elle un syncrétisme ou un phénomène de l’inculturation créative qui permet le déploiement de la catholicité ecclésiale et la prise en compte de la voie vivante des Javanais?
La rencontre entre les Javanais et la Dévotion du Sacré-Cœur donne naissance aux catholiques Javanais qui vivent leur foi dans une symbolique Javanaise, qui a été transformée par la résurrection de Jésus Christ. Cette rencontre ne se fait pas seulement au niveau cultuel ou liturgique, mais elle stimule les catholiques Javanais à s’engager dans les mouvements pour la justice et pour faire entrer le Royaume de Dieu en dialogue avec les autres Religions et les pauvres.

 
Speaker curriculum: Professeur Théologie Pastoral à l’Université Sanata Dharma/Yogyakarta
 
Main research areas and fields of publication: La théologie pratique – paroisse.
 
Publications: Purwanto, Francis. Data Akurat? (Olah Data, analisis & Pelaporan Pastoral Terencana). Solo: Adigama. 2012; Purwanto, Francis. Melayani Secara Baru di Paroki Kleca. Solo: Adigama. 2012; Purwanto, Francis. Pengelolaan Data Umat. Solo: Adigama. 2016.

Sven Baier, BA, MA student
Damian Troxler, BA, MA student

Memory and didactics. Iconographic devotion in pupils’ daily lives

 
Abstract: Devotions to objects and religious symbols can not only be seen in traditional usages and famous cults of past societies but also in the daily lives of modern multi-cultural classes. Individual devotion to objects may range from small figures working as lucky charms to earrings, necklaces and tattoos. The Cult of the Sacred Heart – which emerged in 17th century France – may serve as an impressive historical example. Especially from the outset of the French Revolution until the end of the 19th century, the cult incorporated a political dimension: The image of the Sacred Heart was regarded as identifying sign of counter-revolutionary movements pursuing objectives like restoring church authority and consecrating whole France to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. Among believers, bearing the image of the Sacred Heart on one’s body was considered a protection against “evils” caused by the French Revolution. Ironically, for republican opponents, the image of the Sacred Heart rather served as a striking evidence for counter-revolutionary engagement and was frequently used to convict its producers and distributers in trials. Just as the historical example of the Sacred Heart shows, iconographic devotion may often be accompanied by benefits and drawbacks. The assumption can be extended to modern and secular forms of devotion: What is regarded as a talisman by a certain in-group may be despised by an out-group and lead to discrimination. In order to raise awareness and tolerance for devotional practises in the classroom, questions like “why do people show that they belong to a certain faith/party/group?” and “what do the objects you wear say about you?” should be discussed with pupils on Secondary I level. Particularly in terms of faith, such questions can easily be linked to competences outlined in the harmonised curriculum of Switzerland (referred to as Lehrplan 21). The entire area Effects of religion on culture and society (incorporated in the subject life skills) can thus be approached in an iconographic way.
 
Speaker curriculum: Scientific collaborator and Master student at the University of Teacher Education Lucerne, Switzerland
 
Main research areas and fields of publication:
 
Publications:

Marcello Neri, Prof. Dr.

Il cuore di Gesù: tra forma dell’animo e vessillo pubblico

 
Abstract: Alla base della genesi moderna della devozione al Sacro Cuore sta una duplice alternativa: quella di farla funzionare come forza spirituale che organizza l’esperienza di fede del soggetto (Tommaso da Olera), e quella che la pensa in chiave ostensiva pubblica come principio alternativo al principio moderno che va prendendo forma (Margherita Maria Alacoque).
La seconda linea sarà quella che prevale fra XVII e XIX secolo, almeno nell’immaginario interno del cattolicesimo. P. Dehon inserisce la sua particolare esperienza devozionale nel quadro, oramai esausto, di un uso ostensivo e polemico del Sacro Cuore, ma il nucleo dei suoi sforzi maggiori è esattamente quello di riattivarlo come forza spirituale in grado di organizzare un vissuto della fede all’interno di una modernità oramai giunta verso il suo tramonto.

 
Speaker curriculum: Professeur Marcello Neri insegna teologia cattolica e religione e politica presso l’Europa-Universität di Flensburg (Germania). Redattore della rivista dehoniana online «Settimana News», collabora anche con la rivista di politica e cultura «Il Mulino». Dirige il progetto internazionale di ricerca «Paolo Prodi. Religione e spazio pubblico in Europa». È stato professore invitato presso molte istituzioni accademiche europee e statunitensi.
 
Main research areas and fields of publication:
 
Publications: M. Neri: Post-representational Order and Naked Citizenship, in: Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society (2018/2) 322-331; M. Neri: Religione e spazio pubblico europeo: il potere sovrano dell’economia, in: S. Ninatti, ed., Pluralismo religioso e integrazione europea (Milano: Giappichelli, 2019); M. Neri: Il ruolo pubblico della teologia, in: Studia Anselmiana (2018), 427-442; M. Neri: Il cuore di Gesù negli scritti di Tommaso da Olera. Una singolare esperienza di agape, in: R. Saltarin, ed., Tommaso da Olera. Totus ardens (Brescia: Morcelliana 2018), 73-115.

José Tolentino Mendonça, Dr.

Riscoprire il posto del cuore: una sfida spirituale per il presente

 
Abstract: La tradizione cristiana ha conosciuto un’importante teologia dei sensi. Una teologia che, però, li considerava soprattutto nella loro dimensione spirituale, in una sorta di movimento che faceva corrispondere all’anima quello che si diceva del corpo. Anche se in entrambi i casi si parla di tatto, gusto, olfatto, udito e vista, i sensi cosiddetti naturali erano considerati come facoltà del corpo utili a conoscere le cose terrene, mentre i sensi spirituali erano descritti come capacità dell’anima utili ad apprendere la realtà divina. Il paradigma dominante è stato in larga misura (e in parte lo è ancora) di contrapposizione: un’idea del lavoro spirituale più come affermazione di una rottura che come costruzione di un’unità. La verità è che oggi ci troviamo di fronte a un’accresciuta necessità di stabilire connessioni, di mettere in dialogo il sapere del credere e il sapere del vivere. Abbiamo bisogno di ritrovare una grammatica dell’umano ed uno sguardo nuovo sulla grammatica della fede. La vita è un immenso laboratorio per l’attenzione, la sensibilità, lo stupore, l’incontro, l’amore e ci permette di riconoscere, per precario e rarefatto che sia, il riverbero di una fantastica presenza: quella del Dio rivelato da Gesù. Ora, non può precisamente la spiritualità del cuore di Gesù giocare un ruolo centrale in questo processo di ricerca e di maturazione della fede nel mondo contemporaneo?
 
Speaker curriculum: José Tolentino de Mendonça è nato a Madeira-Portogallo nell’anno 1965. Ordinato presbitero a Funchal, nel 1990, ha ottenuto il dottorato in teologia biblica in 2004, con una tesi – pubblicata già in diverse lingue (italiano, inglese, spagnolo, oltre il portoghese) – che introduce l’analisi narrativa per la lettura di un brano del Vangelo di San Luca, Lc 7,36-50. Per più di due decadi ha lavorato presso l’Università Cattolica di Portogallo come Cappellano universitario, docente, Direttore del Centro di Studi della Facoltà di Teologia, Direttore della Facoltà di Teologia e Vice-rettore dell’Università. È stato anche il primo Direttore del Dipartimento della pastorale della Cultura fondato per la Conferenza Episcopale di Portogallo e Consultore del Pontificio Consiglio della Cultura. Nominato da Papa Francesco Archivista e Bibliotecario di Santa Romana Chiesa, è stato ordinato vescovo nel luglio di 2018.
 
Publications: Ha pubblicato diverse opere significativa sia nel campo della saggistica teologica sia nel campo della letteratura. In italiano ha pubblicato i seguenti titoli: Il tesoro nascosto. Per un’arte della ricerca interiore», Paoline, Milano, 2011; Nessun cammino sarà lungo. Per una teologia dell’amicizia», Paoline, Milano, 2013; Padre Nostro che sei in terra», Qiqajon, Torino, 2013; La mistica dell’istante», Vita e Pensiero, Milano, 2015; L’ippopotamo di Dio», Editrici Vaticana, Roma, 2015; Chiamate in attesa, Vita e Pensiero, Milano, 2016; Gesù: La sorpresa di un ritratto, Edizioni San Paolo, Milano, 2016; Liberiamo il tempo. Piccolo manuale sull’arte di vivere, Emi, Bologna, 2017; La lettura infinita. La Bibbia e la sua interpretazione, San Paolo, Milano, 2017; Elogio della sete, Vita e Pensiero, Milano, 2018.

John van den Hengel, Prof. em., Ph.D.

Léon Dehon’s Sacred Heart in light of the figure of Wisdom.

 
Abstract: In the course of the five centuries since the emergence of the popular devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, there have been moves to give the devotion a theological foundation by creating a liturgy and liturgical feast of the Sacred Heart, by exploring its underlying scriptural themes and linking the devotion to the mystical tradition emerging from the piercing of the side of Christ on the cross, by exploring the roots of the love of Christ in the incarnation and the mission of Christ, by linking the Sacred Heart with the redemptive death of Christ, to the point that the devotion has gradually obtained the features of a Christology. Because in the meditations and reflections on the Sacred Heart of Léon Dehon there grew over time a twofold thrust in the Sacred Heart devotion, one to interiority and the other to societal life, the paper compares this kardia Christology with wisdom Christology which has a similar twofold thrust to interiority and to the world. Through the interaction of these two Christologies, it is hoped to enrich the understanding of the twofold thrust of kardia Christology in the works of Léon Dehon.
 
Speaker curriculum: Ph.D. in systematic theology from Katholieke Universiteit of Nijmegen, 1982, on a dissertation entitled: The Home of Meaning: The Hermeneutics of the Subject of Paul Ricoeur, (Lanham: University Press of America, 1982) 333 p. His current position: Professor emeritus, Saint Paul University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, since 2007.
 
Main research areas and fields of publication: Practical hermeneutics, Christology, Catechetics
 
Publications: van den Hengel, J., “Théologie Pratique et émergence d’un nouveau soi-Même » Théologie pratique. Pratiques de théologie. (Ottawa, University of Ottawa Press, 2013); van den Hengel, J., “Jesus’ Death and Burial: The Divine Parable of Abandonment,” in Dehoniana VI (2008), p. 4-5 and p. 29-50. Reprinted in Re-Reading Léon Dehon, Studia Dehoniana 62, (Roma: Centro Studi Dehonani, 2017), p. 213 – 233; van den Hengel, J., “Can There Be a Science of Action?” Philosophy Today 40 (1996) p. 235 – 250. Reprinted in Ricoeur As Another: The Ethics of Subjectivity. Ed. by Richard A. Cohen and James I. Marsh. (Albany: SUNY Press, 2002) p. 71-92.

Nicolas Steeves, Prof. Dr.

The Sacred Heart, a Fundamental Stimulus for the Theological Imagination

 
Abstract: God has chosen and still chooses to speak to us by means of “merely” human words, imagery, and symbols. Although Divine Revelation partly bears on lofty things, its language is earthly; its aim is to make us discover the extraordinary in midst of the ordinary. Over time, God’s love for the poor and the broken has found a wonderful expression in the symbol of the heart. This bodily organ has come in particular to symbolize Jesus’ reconciling, human-divine love for His Father and for humankind. In Scripture and Tradition, in private revelations and in subsequent Magisterium, the Sacred Heart has become a fundamental stimulus for the theological imagination of individuals and of the entire Church. Images and symbols are not a “paupers’ Bible” in a pejorative sense: all of us, whether illiterate or educated, need that our imagination be struck by Divine Revelation so that our faith may become real and salvific. Theologically speaking, the Sacred Heart does just that.
 
Speaker curriculum: Associate professor at the Faculty of Theology of the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, Italy
 
Main research areas and fields of publication: Fundamental Theology (Revelation, faith, credibility, imagination)
 
Publications: Grâce à l’imagination. Intégrer l’imagination en théologie fondamentale (éd. du Cerf, Cogitatio Fidei 299, Paris 2016); Grazie all’immaginazione. Integrare l’immaginazione in teologia fondamentale (ed. Queriniana, BTC 191, Brescia 2018); E io ti dico: immagina! L’arte difficile della predicazione (Città Nuova, Roma 2017).

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Pontifical Council

for Culture

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